Make lifestyle changes

The first step to improving you fertility is making sure you have a healthy lifestyle. In the event you do fall pregnant your body will then also be better prepared to carry a baby.

  • Manage your weight: being overweight or underweight can have a big impact on your fertility. Use a BMI calculator to give you an idea of whether your weight may be a factor.
  • Drink sensibly: a 2009 Harvard University study of couples undergoing IVF showed that women who drank more than six units per week were 18% less likely to conceive
  • Stop smoking: smoking has been linked to infertiity and early menopause. It is also a factor in premature or low birth-weight babies
  • Eat healthily: a balanced diet will keep you at a healthy weight and provide you with the right nutrients to ensure your body is healthy enough to become pregnant
     
  • Exercise regularly: regular exercise will keep you fit and help you to maintain a healthy weight. It can also help reduce your stress levels and increase your sex drive
  • Check your medication: Long term or heavy use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, like asprin or ibuprofen, or use of anti-psychotic medication can make it more difficult to conceive. If you are taking any medication speak to your GP about whether it could be affecting your fertility
  • Avoid drugs: drugs should be completely avoided
  • Take folic acid: Women trying for a baby are advised to increase their daily intake of folic acid. The vitamin that is vital to the growth and development of a baby’s spine during its early stages
  • Manage your weight: being overweight or underweight can have a big impact on your fertility. Use a BMI calculator to give you an idea of whether your weight may be a factor. A BMI of between 18 and 25 is advised to maximise your chances
  • Drink sensibly: Excessive alcohol lowers testosterone levels and sperm quality and quantity. It can also reduce libido and cause impotence. A 2009 Harvard University study of couples undergoing IVF showed that men who drank more than six units per week were 14% less likely to conceive
  • Stop smoking: smoking can reduce sperm motility (movement) 
  • Keep cool: in order to maximise sperm production the testes should be cooler than the rest of your body. It may help to avoid tight fitting clothing, saunas and hot baths
     
  • Eat healthily: a balanced diet will keep you at a healthy weight and provide you with the right nutrients to ensure you are producing sperm on a regular basis
  • Exercise regularly: regular exercise will keep you fit and help you to maintain a healthy weight. It can also help reduce your stress levels and increase your sex drive
  • Check your medication: There are a range of prescription medications that could affect your fertility. Speak to your GP if you have any concerns
  • Avoid drugs: drugs, including marijuana, cocaine, opiates and anabolic steroids can have damaging effects and limit your chances of conceiving naturally